MARAG’s work on livelihood is based on the principles of Food Sovereignty. The pastoral and other marginalized communities depend primarily on common property resources. In recent years the ‘commons’ have been the soft target for privatization and industrialization. This has directly affected the livelihoods of our communities.
In Gujarat, as per the policy, every village shall designate 40 acres (16 hectares) of ‘Gauchar’ land (Grazing land) in the non-forest areas and 20 acres in the forest areas for every 100 livestock heads. However study on commons of 90 villages by MARAG shows that 89% Gauchar (Grazing land) as per the Government record is lost, not available.
At the global level MARAG (as secretariat for WAMIP) played an important role in advocating for rights of pastoralists. One of the most important outcomes was the inclusion of the term ‘pastoralist’ and ‘rangeland’ in the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT).